In a recent conversation with a friend from northern Nigeria, I came out with the idea that an average Northerner just like his/her opposite number from the South is much more concerned about co-existing peacefully in a united sovereign entity called Nigeria with the understanding that social justice; equity and accountability will reign supreme in the body polity.
This like mind from Kano State, to be precise, was of the opinion that most of the recent and past civil unrests, religious riots and the bombing campaign by armed insurgents, were fostered on the poor northern populace by their tiny political elite who often stoke up civil unrests to promote their selfish agenda.
He looked into my eye balls and stated emphatically that the reason why most ordinary people of northern extraction are educationally backward and ravaged by existential poverty is because the tiny political elites of northern extraction who took charge of the governance at both national, sub-national and local levels in northern Nigeria over the years, deliberately neglected the most important issue of academically empowering the majority of the populace for fear of being challenged to come clean with how the enormous receipts of financial resources from the federation account to these northern states and local councils were mismanaged and diverted into private pockets.
I and my northern friend also agreed that most often, Northern political elite promote their selfish agenda as northern agenda to the detriment of the promotion of national peace and harmonious co-existence of all nationalities. Topics such as the need to introduce state police to fill in the yawning gaps created by obvious lapses and professional incompetence of the current Nigerian police force is one among the many thematic issues that have recently been played up as divisive matters between the North and South.
During the just-concluded nation-wide consultations by the National Assembly to collate views of Nigerians on constitutional amendment, some vocal Northern political elites like Kano State Governor Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso dismissed the clamour for creation of state police as a carefully choreographed agenda of the South to undermine the dominance of Northern police officers over all other ethnic nationalities from where operatives of the Nigerian police were drawn.
Kano State governor alongside his other colleagues from the northern political establishment were up in arms against their southern colleagues who vigorously campaigned for the introduction of state police to save Nigeria from sliding into imminent anarchy, lawlessness and crime following large scale collapse of the present policing institution known as federal police.
Those of us who support creation of state police believe that since Nigeria has experimented for fifty years with a single federal policing institution without successfully building professionally efficient and effective national police, it would not be out of place to try our hands at state police because it takes a fool to do same thing all of the time and expect a different result.
Another rational reason for clamouring for state police is because other civilized and advanced nations like the United States of America and United Kingdom currently have state and local police and crime rate is low in those countries even as law enforcement is speedy, efficient and transparent.
Some officials of the Nigerian Federal government are afraid of state police because they believe that governors will manipulate the state police to achieve partisan or selfish agenda. But these same officials failed to realize that ‘he that goes to equity must come with clean hands’ or rather ‘he that lives in glasshouse shouldn’t throw stones’ given that the current federal policing structure is not only professionally incompetent and too weak to fight crime, but top police officers pander to the whims and caprices of the presidency to go after opponents of the President to curry favour. Under the current compromised policing climate, the President of Nigeria literary holds both the ‘knife and the yam’ as Igbo proverb goes which means that he can as well manipulate the officers of the Nigerian Police to achieve his personal goals.
Again, one way of ensuring that neither the presidency nor state governors benefit from federal and/or state police, is to also allow the existence of a federal policing institution to operate alongside state police but with a legal framework to create monitoring commission under the control of the National Assembly to supervise the daily activities of both state and federal police departments to ensure the sovereign integrity of Nigeria.
An interesting development however happened on Thursday November 9, 2013 which fundamentally served as a paradigm shift among northern political elites regarding their opposition and/or fear of state police.
Kano State governor who is the unofficial spokesman of political hawks in the North, has changed his mind and has adopted the call for state police following some rough experiences he had recently alongside other G7 Governors who were harassed by officials of Nigerian police force to stop them from even holding private meetings among some of them who are publicly opposed to any move by the national hierarchy of the ruling PDP to foist President Jonathan as favoured presidential flag bearer of the party in the 2015 elections.
During the last national convention of the ruling party, this group of seven governors from the North including a southern governor, Chibuike Amaechi of Rivers State, staged a walk out and created a faction of Peoples Democratic Party to force President Jonathan to repudiate any ambition to go for second term in 2015.
Both the mainstream and the breakaway factions of this national party are in different courts seeking for legal validation and authentication. The Federal High Court Abuja Division is known to have issued an order winding down the factional office inaugurated by the rebellious group of party members composed of the 7 governors and a quarter of the PDP members of the National Assembly. The Federal High Court Abuja never, and could not legally stop a group of Nigerians from associating even in the privacy of their guest houses since that would amount to large scale infringement of their fundamental constitutional freedom of association and movement. Soon, the Nigeria Police will further widen their understanding of this court order to mean that none of these seven governors could sleep on the same bed with their spouses. Such is the unprecedented bastardization of the mechanism of federal policing structure under this dispensation.
The Nigerian Police Force whose hierarchy are at the beck and call of the presidency, have however embarked on a campaign of physical, psychological and violent torture of these group of seven governors so much so that the police in Rivers State and Abuja have stopped these Nigerians from even meeting in their private and official capacities.
The series of police harassment has now compelled a rethink from the most vocal northern political elite – the Kano State governor who has now adopted the state police as the best.
Leadership Newspaper of Friday November 8, 2013 reported the development thus; “One of the leading members of G7 and Kano State governor, Engr. Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso has reversed his earlier position of not supporting the idea for state police.”
“Governor Kwankwaso changed his opinion in view of the recent development where the divisional police officer (DPO) of Asokoro division disrupted a meeting of the five serving governors, senators and former governors.”
“Amaechi and Jang were right when they called for state police. I now declare my support for state police legislation. This is the chapter that should be re-opened at National Assembly. States require their own police, Kwankwaso stated.”
Now it is clear that my northern friend was right when he accused northern political elite of only promoting their selfish agenda as northern agenda. In this instance however, the change of view by the Kano State governor on the need for state police is a welcome development just as the National Assembly must be compelled to include a clause in the forthcoming constitution for State police. The voice of the people in demanding creation of state police in Nigeria of this twenty